Welcome to Roman Homes' Rome car service

Daily excursions:
Rome, Amalfi, Sorrento, Tuscany, Assisi

TO BOOK or to enquire: Please write to info@romanhomes.com

We will reply to you swiftly.

Tour of Rome | Two days tour of Tuscany and Umbria: Siena, San Gimignano, Pisa, Assisi | Amalfi and Sorrento |  Assisi
Roman Castles: tour A, B, C, D and Grand Tour



Pompeii, Herculanum: presentation.
Daily excursion, prices.

Pompeii was a resort town inhabited by wealthy Romans who were known for lavish spending on their homes. The fertile, volcanic slopes of Vesevius provided an ideal climate for grapes and olive groves. Since the mountain had last erupted long before anyone alive at the time had been born, people thought that living near the most recognizable landmark looming over the bay of Naples was completely safe. The town had imposing temples, a beautiful forum, perfectly built theater and stadium.
It was lunch time in August 79 AD when Vesuvius began 19 hours of spectacular eruptions.

All the people in the 700-year-old town of 20,000 could have escaped. There was time to flee. But no one recognized the inherent danger of the mountain’s warnings. By the time Vesuvius stopped belching poisonous gas, the bustling city of Pompeii was silent, completely buried by volcanic ash and debris. It remained silent for 1700 years. Herculanum underwent the same destiny. The eruption was the first ever to be described in detail.

From 30 km (18 miles) west of the volcano, Pliny the Younger, witnessed the eruption and later recorded his observations in two letters.  Volcanologists now use the term "plinian" for the first stage of devastating volcanic eruptions, in which dust, ashes, cinders, and rocks erupt high into the air, and in time settle back to Earth. This stage may last for hours or even days. No lava flows occur during the plinian stage. In areas near the eruption, the amount of these materials can be enormous. During the first eight hours of the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD they fell on Pompeii to depths of 2 to 4 meters (8-10 ft.).
The heaps of small rocks that landed on the houses caused many roofs to collapse.
In the next stage of the eruption, a superhot cloud of steam and mud (called "pyroclastic") flowed down the side of Vesuvius and covered the towns. At the speed of 30 mt. per second, it took less than four minutes for the boiling mud to flow from Vesuvius to Herculaneum, a distance of about 7 kilometers (4 miles).
About 3 meters (10 ft.) of ash and rocks fell on Pompeii, burying everything except the roofs of some buildings. The city was abandoned and its location forgotten. In 1595, excavations discovered artifacts at Pompeii and centuries of pillaging followed. Archeological excavations began in the mid-nineteenth century. Now, much of Pompeii has been excavated and it has revealed much about how people lived during that time (and died during the eruption). 

Herculaneum was buried under 23 mts. (75 ft.) of ash. Once a seaside resort with 5,000 inhabitans, the former town became inland, and is now surrounded by the modern city of Ercolano.

Silent for thousands of years, Pompeii and Herculaneum are now living museums of life in the Roman Empire during the first century of the Common Era. The sacrifice and horrendous sufferings of its inhabitants resulted in a generous gesture, as they donated us the means to understand their architecture and their culture, thus having an insight of the ancient world otherwise impossible. Thanks to the sacrifice of the inhabitants, we know their habits, their customs, even their political graffiti, or their love messages.

Surprisingly sophisticated, Pompeii had a grid lay-out (right photo). It had a three-stream running water system. One stream went to public fountains, another to public baths, and a third traveled to homes of wealthy residents. People in Pompeii even had a version of indoor plumbing, but they did not have a good sewer system.

Flowing through lead pipes from a central water tower (called the Castellum Aquae), the water delivery system was ingegnious for its day. When water supplies were low, the town stopped the flow of water streams in order of priority. First the wealthy homes were without water, then the public baths. Public fountains were shut down last.


TO BOOK or to enquire: Please write to info@romanhomes.com We will reply to you swiftly. Upon request we can organize your transport to any other location or destination.


Visit the other services we offer:

Rome flying tours Rome: Holiday rentals Villas around Rome Temporary office

Rental enquiries

Rome city guide: maps.. Rome: longer stays  Roman Homes additional services

 ROMAN HOMES® homepage

"Roman Homes®" and "Romecarservice®" are registered trademarks.

All material of this site, including text, images, and designs, is property and copyright of Roman Homes® / Dr. Mauro Abate. It must not be copied, modified, or duplicated in any part without special permission from the owner. Legal steps will be taken against those violating copyright, registration and ownership rights.

 Roman Homes®  Rome apartments and accommodations. Rome vacation rentals of luxury apartments and villas. Rome holiday lodging. Spanish Steps Rome.
Timeshares of fine central flats and villas with pool. Attentive personal service. Also car service, daily excursions, side services.